Despite the fact that LGBTQ+ persons are found in every subgroup of our society, there are health disparities that negatively affect those who identify as gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, or queer. A few of these disparities are:
Awareness of LGBTQ+ health disparities can help--through information that providers should know about their patients, and that patients should know and discuss with their providers.
Abara, W. E., Hess, K. L., Neblett Fanfair, R., Bernstein, K. T., & Paz-Bailey, G. (2016). Syphilis trends among men who have sex with men in the United States and Western Europe: a systematic review of trend studies published between 2004 and 2015. PLoS One, 11(7), e0159309. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0159309
Boehmer, U., Bowen, D. J., & Bauer, G. R. (2007). Overweight and obesity in sexual-minority women: evidence from population-based data. American Journal of Public Health, 97(6), 1134–1140. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2006.088419
Centers for Disease Control and Presention. (2017, February). HIV among gay and bisexual men. Retrieved April 11, 2018 from https://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/newsroom/docs/factsheets/cdc-msm-508.pdf.
Chan, D. P. C., Sun, H.-Y., Wong, H. T. H., Lee, S.-S., & Hung, C.-C. (2016). Sexually acquired hepatitis C virus infection: a review. International Journal of Infectious Diseases: Official Publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases, 49, 47–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2016.05.030
Green, K. E., & Feinstein, B. A. (2012). Substance use in lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations: an update on empirical research and implications for treatment. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, 26(2), 265–278. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0025424
King, M., Semlyen, J., Tai, S. S., Killaspy, H., Osborn, D., Popelyuk, D., & Nazareth, I. (2008). A systematic review of mental disorder, suicide, and deliberate self harm in lesbian, gay and bisexual people. BMC Psychiatry, 8, 70. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-244X-8-70
For anyone who is not a member of the LGBTQ+ community--and even for many people who are--there can be confusion about the differences between sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender. The Genderbread Person and the Gender Unicorn are two simple tools of understanding the differences. Both are freely available to use and share.
Gender Unicorn: http://www.transstudent.org/gender
Genderbread Person: https://www.genderbread.org/