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Stony Brook University

Citation Guides

This guide can help you learn how to properly format your bibliographies and papers in AMA, APA, Chicago and MLA citation styles, and avoid plagiarism.

About APA 7th ed.

APA Style is a set of guidelines for clear and precise scholarly communication.  It is used by millions of people around the world in the field of psychology and also in nursing, social work, communications, education, business, engineering, and other disciplines.  APA Style includes guidance for writing manuscripts for publication as well as student papers, dissertations and theses. (Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 2020, p.xvii)

APA Style Guide

The library has the APA style guide available to answer citation format questions.

Concise Guide to APA Style, Seventh Edition is the official APA Style resource for students.

Sample Paper in APA Style

Formatting Your Paper


Guidelines for paper formatting from the Publication Manual

includes title page setup, font, spacing, headings, margins, etc.


Other Helpful Formatting Tools

Creative Commons License CC by NC 4.0 This section was created by Tessa Withorn at CSUDH Library and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License.

How can I save time formatting my paper? 

Microsoft Word and Google Docs have a Format Painter tool that will copy and apply basic formatting to any text! 

1. Highlight the formatting you want to apply. 

2. Select Format Painter

3. Highlight the text you want to change. 

Note: If using the Format Painter on the Reference List, you'll need to go back and add italics. 

How do I make a hanging indent in Word?

1. Highlight the citaiton with your cursor. 

2. Right click. 

3. Select Paragraph.

4. Under Indentation, select Special and Hanging.

Legal References

For an APA Style paper, use standard legal citation style for court decisions, statutes, legislative materials, constitutions & charters etc.  Standard legal citation information can be found in the following resources.

How to Cite ChatGPT

On April 7, 2023, APA posted a blog providing guidance on how to cite ChatGPT.  However, please consult your instructors if you are allowed to use ChatGPT or any other generative AI tools as part of your work in your paper.  

APA Style Blog

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