APA Style is a set of guidelines for clear and precise scholarly communication. It is used by millions of people around the world in the field of psychology and also in nursing, social work, communications, education, business, engineering, and other disciplines. APA Style includes guidance for writing manuscripts for publication as well as student papers, dissertations and theses. (Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 2020, p.xvii)
The library has the APA style guide available to answer citation format questions.
Concise Guide to APA Style, Seventh Edition is the official APA Style resource for students.
Visit APA Style Reference Examples page for additional reference examples.
includes title page setup, font, spacing, headings, margins, etc.
Microsoft Word and Google Docs have a Format Painter tool that will copy and apply basic formatting to any text!
1. Highlight the formatting you want to apply.
2. Select Format Painter.
3. Highlight the text you want to change.
Note: If using the Format Painter on the Reference List, you'll need to go back and add italics.
1. Highlight the citaiton with your cursor.
2. Right click.
3. Select Paragraph.
4. Under Indentation, select Special and Hanging.
Reference examples for clinical practice:
Reference examples for diagnostic manuals:
For an APA Style paper, use standard legal citation style for court decisions, statutes, legislative materials, constitutions & charters etc. Standard legal citation information can be found in the following resources.
On April 7, 2023, APA posted a blog providing guidance on how to cite ChatGPT. However, please consult your instructors if you are allowed to use ChatGPT or any other generative AI tools as part of your work in your paper.
Visit the Purdue Online Writing Lab - Purdue OWL APA Style for additional examples.
Library Administration: 631.632.7100
Except where otherwise noted, this work by SBU Libraries is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.