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Stony Brook University

Kings Park Independent Science Research

Subject Guide for Kings Park Independent Research session.

Citations and Plagiarism Defined

citation is important for many reasons.

  • It attributes information to the creator of that information.
  • It provides authority and context for the audience.
  • It makes it possible for others to find and/or replicate research.
  • Finally, information creators often feel a sense of pride and accomplishment in their list of citations because it documents a research journey. The citation list shows what survived and remained relevant to the project after all that searching and evaluating, and it is a way to "show off" what you found.

Plagiarism is taking text, ideas, images, sound recordings, or other creative expressions that belong to someone else and representing them as your own. When you effectively cite your sources, you avoid plagiarism.

For more resources and information, see the Citations and Plagiarism guide.

Why Cite?

Citation Styles Help

The Online Writing Lab at Purdue University provides easy to read and understand guides for different citation styles.

MLA Style for Internal Citations

In order to correctly cite your resources you will need to have at least two citations for each resource.

Works Cited Page - Lists all the resources referenced in your paper and provides all information needed for a reader to find the resource (author, date published, article title, journal title, volume, page numbers, etc.)

In-text Citations - Information within the body of the text that indicates the source of the information. This is abbreviated citation information, usually author last name and page number, that the reader can use to find the resource on the Works Cited page. In-text citations are used not only when you are quoting an author but always when you are paraphrasing.

Information on how to format in-text citations in MLA style.

Examples of in-text citation from the Purdue University Online Writing Lab:

Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (263).

Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263).
Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process (263).

New MLA Style Guide


Zotero is a free, easy-to-use web browser extension to help you collect, manage, cite, and share your research sources.


Stony Brook University has a site license for EndNote, a bibliographic tool which enables users to quickly organize references while automatically building bibliographic documentation.

The library provides free EndNote workshops each semester. Check the library homepage for upcoming dates.


EasyBib free citation assistance for MLA. Recommended by instructors and students.