Office of Science and Technology Policy Director John Holdren has directed Federal agencies with more than $100M in R&D expenditures to develop plans to make the published results of federally funded research freely available to the public within one year of publication and requiring researchers to better account for and manage the digital data resulting from federally funded scientific research.
OSTP has been looking into this issue for some time, soliciting broad public input on multiple occasions and convening an interagency working group to develop a policy. The final policy reflects substantial inputs from scientists and scientific organizations, publishers, members of Congress, and other members of the public.
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The NIH Public Access Policy (NIHPAP) implements Division F Section 217 of PL 111-8 (Omnibus Appropriations Act, 2009).
The Director of the National Institutes of Health ("NIH") shall require in the current fiscal year and thereafter that all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicine's PubMed Central an electronic version of their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication: Provided, that the NIH shall implement the public access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law.
The Policy applies to any manuscript that is:
Note that papers written in scripts other than Latin (e.g., Russian, Japanese) cannot be processed by the NIHMS. These papers are not required to be posted on PubMed Central. Papers written in Latin (Roman) script that contain characters and fonts used in standard mathematical notation are acceptable.
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